Information for Doctors and Scientific Evidence
Neurofeedback: information for doctors and scientific evidence
As part of our service here at BrainTrainUK we will ask our clients for their GP’s details. We will then contact that GP advising them that one of their patients is undertaking a Neurofeedback programme (unless our clients request us not to). However, if a potential client identifies they are under medical treatment for a condition whose reaction to medication could be affected by Neurofeedback, we will insist that their GP is informed before agreeing to a training programme. Further down this page we have information about other users of Neurofeedback and a reference resource for you for some of the key scientific literature on the subject. Initially, BrainTrainUK focused on offering an alternative approach to treating learning difficulties. However Neurofeedback training can assist with many more conditions, as described here.
The scientific evidence supporting Neurofeedback
For your convenience we have compiled a list of further reading of the scientific literature on Neurofeedback. This list also contains the references for any scientific claims made on this website. For a comprehensive collection of Neurofeedback research, see this page from the International Society for Neurofeedback and Research.
In October 2012, the American Academy of Pediatrics, the professional body for US paediatricians, published an independently-written report that declared EEG Biofeedback as a ‘Level 1′ Evidence-Based Intervention for Attention and Hyperactivity behavioural problems in children and adolescents. If you want to learn about how they reached this conclusion and some other recent research on Neurofeedback for ADHD you can download our free report. One of Barry Sterman’s original studies following his accidental discovery that cats who had been ‘brain-trained‘ at a particular frequency were less susceptible to seizures when injected with rocket fuel in research sponsored by NASA. This is one of the studies we often quote when asked if Neurofeedback’s success could be due to a placebo effect:
- Sterman, M. B., LoPresti, R. W., & Fairchild, M. D. (1969). Electroencephalographic and behavioral studies of monomethylhydrazine toxicity in the cat. CALIFORNIA UNIV LOS ANGELES BRAIN RESEARCH INST.
Once Barry Sterman had replicated this effect in monkeys he then demonstrated he could suppress epileptic seizures in humans:
- Sterman, M. B., & Friar, L. (1972). Suppression of seizures in epileptics following sensorimotor EEG feedback training. Electroencephalography & Clinical Neurophysiology, 33, 89–95.
Other relevant studies:
- Beauregard, M., & Levesque, J. (2006). Functional magnetic resonance imaging investigation of the effects of Neurofeedback training on neural bases of selective attention and response inhibition in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Applied Psychology and Biofeedback, 31, 3–20.
- Gevensleben, H., Holl, B., Albrecht, B., Vogel, C., Schlamp, D., et al. (2009). Is Neurofeedback an efficacious treatment for ADHD? A randomized controlled clinical trial. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 50, 780–789.
- Levesque, J., Beauregard, M., & Mensour, B. (2006). Effect of Neurofeedback training on the neural substrates of selective attention in children with attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder: A functional magnetic resonance imaging study. Neuroscience Letters, 394, 216–221.
- Omizo, M. M., & Michael, W. B. (1982). Biofeedback-induced relaxation training and impulsivity, attention to task, and locus of control among hyperactive boys. Journal of Learning Disabilities, 15, 414–416.
- Rivera, E., & Omizo, M. M. (1980). The effects of relaxation and biofeedback on attention to task and impulsivity among male hyperactive children. The Exceptional Child, 27, 41–51.
To read more about this, please read the next page on Other Conditions that Neurofeedback Supports.